In this article let’s take a look at c vs c++ which programming language should you learn and why and all the differences in detail.
So if you are confused regarding which programming language should you learn between C and C ++ or you do not know the difference between the two then you should read this article till the end.
So without further ADO let’s get started.
Definition and important features of both languages.
What is c language?
C is a general-purpose, procedural computer programming language supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope, and recursion, with a static type system.
By design, C provides constructs that map efficiently to typical machine instructions. It has found lasting use in applications previously coded in assembly language.
Such applications include operating systems and various application software for computer architectures that range from supercomputers to PLCs and embedded systems.
Some important features of this language are,
- Procedural Language
- Fast and Efficient
- Statically Type
- General-Purpose Language
- Rich set of built-in Operators
- Libraries with rich Functions
- Middle-Level Language
- Easy to Extend
What is c++ language?
It Is a general-purpose programming language created by Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension of the C programming language, or “C with Classes”.
The language has expanded significantly over time, and modern C++ now has object-oriented, generic, and functional features in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation.
It is almost always implemented as a compiled language, and many vendors provide C++ compilers, including the Free Software Foundation, LLVM, Microsoft, Intel, Oracle, and IBM, so it is available on many platforms.
Some important features of this language are,
- Object oriented programming
- Machine independent
- Simple language
- Intermediate level programming language
- Dynamic memory allocation
- Integration and extendibility
Difference between the two programming languages.
Let’s take a look at the difference between the two languages in a table form.
|C was developed by Dennis Ritchie between the year 1969 and 1973 at AT&T Bell Labs||C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979.|
|C is a function driven language because C is a procedural programming language||C++ is an object driven language because it is an object oriented programming.|
|Built-in data types is supported in C.||Built-in & user-defined data types is supported in C++.|
|C does no support polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance which means that C does not support object oriented programming.||C++ supports polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance because it is an object oriented programming language.|
|C is a subset of C++||C++ is superset of c|
|This language contains 32 keywords||This language contains 63 keywords|
|For the development of code, C supports procedural programming.||C++ is known as hybrid language because C++ supports both procedural and object oriented programming paradigms|
|Direct support for exception handling is not supported by C.||Exception handling is supported by C++|
|C does not support information hiding||Data is hidden by the Encapsulation to ensure that data structures and operators are used as intended.|
|Instead of focusing on data, C focuses on method or process||C++ focuses on data instead of focusing on method or procedure|
|C does not support inheritance||C++ supports inheritance|
|Virtual and friend functions are not supported by C||Virtual and friend functions are supported by C++|
|C structures don’t have access modifiers||C ++ structures have access modifiers|
|Functions in C are not defined inside structures.||Functions can be used inside a structure in C++.|
|Namespace features are not present inside the C.||Namespace is used by C++, which avoid name collisions|
|Virtual and friend functions are not supported by C.||Virtual and friend functions are supported by C++|
|Reference variables are not supported by C.||Reference variables are supported by C++.|
There are many other differences but these 17 are all the important one’s between the two c & c++ languages.
Similarities between the two programming languages.
Let’s take a look at the similarities between the two languages in detail.
- Both the languages have a similar syntax.
- Code structure of both the languages are same.
- The compilation of both the languages is similar.
- They share the same basic syntax. Nearly all of C’s operators and keywords are also present in C++ and do the same thing.
- C++ has a slightly extended grammar than C, but the basic grammar is the same.
- Basic memory model of both is very close to the hardware.
- Same notions of stack, heap, file-scope and static variables are present in both the languages.
When to choose both
When you should use C programming language?
You should use this language for purposes like
- C was created for use with the UNIX operating system, and it still shines when it comes to operating systems today. This makes C a solid choice to learn if you’re into learning operating systems and want to take a crack at doing something different with the OS layer
- C is also a popular choice for use in embedded devices. Since embedded devices need to function as a standalone unit, each device requires a specific-purpose computing system to work
- C was created as a top-down programming language. In fact, it’s easier for programmers and developers to design top-level structures first
- Compared to C++, C is the simpler and ultimately faster programming language. C is procedural and does not support classes and objects, meaning it has less functionality than C++. This allows you to spend more time focusing on what you can do with C’s libraries, especially at the OS level
- C is a structured programming language which allows a complex program to be broken into simpler programs called functions. It also allows free movement of data across these functions
- As a middle-level language, C combines the features of both high-level and low-level languages. It can be used for low-level programming, such as scripting for drivers and kernels and it also supports functions of high-level programming languages, such as scripting for software applications etc
- C is highly portable and is used for scripting system applications which form a major part of Windows, UNIX, and Linux operating system.
You can learn more about the uses of C language by clicking here.
When you should use C++ programming language?
- Because this language has object oriented programming it can be used in the corporate world
- C++ is a dominant force in video gaming. It’s closer to hardware than most other languages and, as a result, can easily manipulate resources
- C++ is prevalent in many of today’s web browsers, such as Chrome, Firefox and Safari. Web browsers rely on the language particularly for their rendering engines. C++ provides the speed web browsers need to display content at a fast enough speed.
- Even operating systems that use C at their core are known for having C++ in other areas to boost complexity and functionality.
- The language also stands out in terms of graphics and computer vision. Since these are computationally intensive tasks, C++ is likely the best programming option. It’s able to offer the speed and efficiency that’s needed to splash graphics on a screen.
You can learn more about the uses of C++ language by clicking here.
Which is better between c & c++?
C++ is a superset of C. C++ is object-oriented and includes many high-level features. C is low level, procedural. C is still in use because it is slightly faster and smaller than C++.
For most people, C++ is the better choice. It has more features, more applications, and for most people, learning C++ is easier.
C is still relevant, and learning to program in C can improve how you program in C++ but because C language has less concepts to learn it is more easier compared to c++ when it comes to the learning curve and difficulty level involved.
C++ is a great language to learn especially if you are familiar with object-oriented programming.
Knowledge of object-oriented programming will take you a long way to mastering C++. With C++ having roots in C’s code, learning C will only make studying C++ that much easier down the road
In my opinion C++ is better than C because it has more features and benefits than C apart from that you should also know that C++ is also one of the many languages used in many top tech companies like Google YouTube Twitter Amazon and Facebook backend development.
With that said let’s conclude the article
These are all the important things you need to know between both the languages.
Do comment down which is your favourite programming language between both and which one are you going to learn first in the comment section below.
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